National Language of Bhutan
National language of Bhutan is Dzongkha. Dzongkha was spoken by people who worked in the Dzongs that was the seat of temporal and spiritual power.
Bhutan is a multi-lingual society with about 18 languages and dialects spoken all over the country. Dzongkha is widely spoken in western region. The eastern region of the country speak Sharchop, where as the people in the south speak Nepali.
National Anthem of Bhutan
The national anthem is Druk Tshenden Kepay Gyalkhab Na (In the land of the Dragon Kingdom, where cypress grows) and it was first composed in 1953 and became official in 1966. The music is composed by Aku Tongmi and words written by Dasho Gyaldun thinley.
National Day of Bhutan
17th December of is celebrated as National day of Bhutan every year. It commemorates the crowning ceremony of Gongsa Ugyen Wangchuck as the first hereditary king of Bhutan, in Punakha Dzong on 17 December 1907.
National Dress of Bhutan
National dress of Bhutan is Gho and Kira. The men wear Gho and women wears Kira. It was introduced during the 17th century by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel to give the Bhutanese a unique identity.
National Emblem of Bhutan
National Emblem of Bhutan is circle that is composed of a double diamond-thunderbolt (Dorje) placed above a lotus, surmounted by a jewel and framed by two dragons. The thunderbolts represent the harmony between secular and religious power while the lotus symbolizes purity. The jewel signifies the sovereign power while the dragons (male and female) stands for the name of the country Drukyul or the Land of the Dragon.
National Flag of Bhutan
The national flag was designed in 1947 by Mayum Choying Wangmo Dorji and later modified in 1956 to take its final shape. The upper yellow half signifies the secular power and authority of the king while the lower saffron-orange symbolizes the power of Buddhism. The dragon, white in colour, is a symbol of purity of the country, representing Bhutan while the jewels in its claws stands for the wealth and perfection of the country.
National Flower of Bhutan: Blue Poppy
The national flower of Bhutan is Blue poppy (Meconopsis grandis). It is found at high altitudes of the alpine meadows of Himalayas and grows at a height of 1 meter on the rocky mountain terrain. It has a delicate blue or purple tinged appearance with a white filament and blooms to its full beauty in spring.
National Tree of Bhutan: Cypress
The national tree of Bhutan is the Cypress (Cupressus torolusa). It is locally known as Tseden. It is found in abundance and one may notice it near temples and monasties. It is often associated with religious places. Cypress can grow in rugged harsh inhospitable terrains.
National Animal of Bhutan: Takin
National animal of bhuta is Takin (burdorcas taxicolor). It is associated with religious history and mythology. Takin is rare and unique mammal that lives in the north-western and north-eastern part of Bhutan. It lives in a group and feeds on bamboos.
National Bird of Bhutan: Raven
Raven (corvus corax) is national bird of Bhutan. It represents the guardian deity of Bhutan- Yeshey Goenpa (mahakala).
It is locally known as Jarogi.
National Game of Bhutan: Archery
Archery is the most popular and the most played game in the country and it is the national game of Bhutan. It is played wearing tradional dresses between the two teams.
National Dish of Bhutan: Ema Datshi
Ema Datshi is among the most famous dishes in Bhutanese cuisine, recognized as a national dish of Bhutan. It is made from chili peppers and cheese; “ema” means “chili” and “datshi” means “cheese” in the Dzongkha language of Bhutan.